What Do Sunda Tigers Eat: Unveiling the Diet of These Elusive Predators

Exploring the Diet of Sunda Tigers, Including Sunda Island Tigers

Sunda tigers, a critically endangered subspecies of tigers native to the Sunda Islands, have long been shrouded in mystery. One aspect of their lives that continues to captivate wildlife enthusiasts is their dietary preferences. In this article, we dive deep into the world of Sunda tigers, unveiling their unique diet and shedding light on what they consume to survive in their natural habitat.


Sunda tigers, also known as Panthera tigris sondaica, are a distinct population of tigers found exclusively in the Sunda Islands, including Sumatra. While they share similarities with other tiger subspecies, their diet is influenced by the rich and diverse ecosystems of their island habitats.

Similar to Sunda tigers, other tiger subspecies also have unique dietary habits. For instance, you can read about what tigers eat in the rainforest in our article, What Do Tigers Eat in the Rainforest.

The Core Diet of Sunda Tigers

Deer and Wild Boar:

Sunda tigers primarily prey on deer species like sambar and muntjac, which are abundant in their habitat. Wild boar is another staple in their diet, offering a source of protein.

Malayan Tapir:

The Sunda tiger has been known to occasionally target larger prey, such as the Malayan tapir. These majestic but elusive creatures provide a substantial meal.


Sunda tigers may also include primates in their diet, such as macaques and langurs, which are found in the lush forests of the Sunda Islands.


Opportunistic hunters, Sunda tigers may hunt various bird species like pheasants and peafowls.


Unlike other tiger subspecies, Sunda tigers exhibit a remarkable affinity for swimming and fishing. They venture into rivers and streams, catching fish to supplement their diet.

Adaptations to Island Living

Sunda tigers have evolved unique adaptations to thrive in their island environment. They are exceptional swimmers, and their affinity for water enables them to hunt fish, expanding their dietary options.

Conservation Significance

Understanding the dietary preferences of Sunda tigers is crucial for their conservation. Their habitat is under constant threat from deforestation and human encroachment, which impacts not only the tigers but also their prey species. Conservation efforts are essential to protect these majestic animals and their ecosystems.


The dietary habits of Sunda tigers reflect their adaptability and resourcefulness in island ecosystems. While they primarily target deer, wild boar, and other terrestrial prey, their willingness to explore aquatic environments, hunt fish, and occasionally tackle larger game underscores their unique position as apex

predators in their habitat.

FAQs: What Do Sunda Tigers Eat?

What distinguishes Sunda tigers from other tiger subspecies in terms of diet?

Sunda tigers have a more aquatic diet, including fish, due to their affinity for swimming and hunting in water.

Are Sunda tigers strict carnivores, or do they consume vegetation as well?

Sunda tigers are obligate carnivores, primarily consuming meat, but they may ingest small amounts of vegetation incidentally.

Do Sunda tigers eat other large carnivores in their habitat, such as crocodiles?

While encounters with crocodiles have been documented, it is not a common part of their diet. They are more inclined to prey on terrestrial animals.

How do conservation efforts impact the diet of Sunda tigers?

Conservation initiatives aim to protect both the tigers and their prey species by preserving their natural habitat and ensuring a stable food source for these big cats.

Why is it essential to study the diet of Sunda tigers?

Understanding their dietary habits is crucial for their conservation and the preservation of the unique ecosystems they inhabit.

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